At times, mental health can get complex. Although, experts have attained success in creating specific diagnoses for varied types of disorders, but actually certain disorders tend to overlap, making it arduous to differentiate between the two separate problems.
One of the common issues people face is to differentiate between anxiety and depression. Yes, both of them have lots of things in common but, they are separate conditions, and your disorder really plays a significant role in your treatment.
Before we move any further, let us first get to know more about both the conditions.
More About Anxiety
Well, there is nothing to worry about anxiety and we all experience anxiety at some point in our lives. You can feel anxiety whether due to the presentation you have to give in your college or due to any unpleasant outcome. However, excessive anxiety can, at times, interfere with our daily activities.
There are various types of anxiety, let us get to know the common ones:
- GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder) – If you are suffering from generalized anxiety disorder, most of the times you will feel anxious and apprehensive. These worries are continuous in nature, intense, and really hampers your normal life. When you are suffering from GAD, you will have difficulty sleeping or relaxing. In addition, you may feel lightheadedness, muscle tension, trembling, headaches, and nausea.
- Panic Disorder (PD) – This type of anxiety can cause sudden and erratic terror. There are certain symptoms including – lightheadedness, nausea, trembling, headaches, and muscle tension. You may have fear of going crazy or even dying.
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – This is a form of anxiety where you will have obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior.
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – This type is triggered by a terrifying event. The symptoms are severe anxiety, flashbacks, nightmares, and constant thoughts of the event.
More About Depression
It is quite normal to feel down once in awhile, but if you are sad most of the times and it affects your daily lifestyle, you may be suffering from depression. But, you don’t need to worry as this condition is curable, all you need to make changes to your lifestyle, take a medicine, or talk to a therapist. Common symptoms of depression are – sadness, guilt, trouble remembering, thoughts of harming yourself, substance abuse, weight gain & weight loss, and trouble making decisions. There are various types of depression, let us get to know the common ones:
- Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia) – It is a form of chronic depression. When you are suffering from PDD, you tend to have continuous feelings of sadness and hopelessness. Such feelings also affect your sleep and appetite.
- Bipolar Depression – Also formerly known as manic depression, when you are suffering from Bipolar Depression it causes mood swings including emotional highs and lows. Exact causes of this type of depression are still unknown, however, two important factors may be involved including – genetics and biological differences.
- Psychotic Depression – If you suffering from Psychotic Depression, you will have the symptoms of major depression along with psychotic symptoms including – hallucinations, inability to relax, paranoia, and delusions.
- Situational Depression – This form of depression is the result of various traumatic changes in your life such as – a divorce, losing your job, or death in your family.
Difference Between Anxiety And Depression
If you want to know the difference between both these disorders, it is imperative you should know both the physical and mental symptoms. Mental & Emotional Symptoms Of Anxiety
If you are suffering from anxiety disorder, one of the key symptoms is to have the sensation of overwhelming fear and panic. You will feel terrified about what will happen in the future and incapacitated by a fear that the things won’t turn out well. If you are suffering from anxiety, everything will feel urgent, like it’s happening too quickly.
On the other hand, the symptoms of depression are hopelessness & despondency instead of terror. You will find it hard to get out of your bed and even completing your daily tasks. On the contrary, you will not feel any sense of urgency. You will care less about the future, instead you have probably already decided, in your mind, nothing is going to work out. You will also lose interest in doing all those things you used to love and will act lethargic.
Commonly, anxiety does have physical symptoms as compared to depression, including – hyperventilation, shaking, fast heart rate, and bowel issues. Although depression can lead to headaches and alterations to habits such as eating & sleeping, the symptoms are more mental than physical.
Yes, it is possible to experience both anxiety and depression. According to psychologists, when this happens, the symptoms of both the conditions tend to become more intense. But, the most important thing to remember is that both the conditions are treatable with right medical care, if you have some uncertainties, make sure you have consulted your general practitioner.