Types of Communication – Direct Non-Direct, Verbal & Non-Verbal


The term communication deals with the basic concept of conveying one’s thoughts and feelings to another by means of gestures or actions or by the use of a common language to know the reaction of a person on a particular task or subject.

Human beings communicate to each other verbally as well as by non-verbal means. Non-verbal means include the use of symbols or actions or gestures to indicate and to represent one’s thoughts and feelings to another person. Verbal means of communication include the use of a common language to express one’s ideas and emotions.

Communication can also be classified into two types as the direct and indirect type of communication. Direct means of communication is that type of communication where the reaction to a particular behaviour or action would necessitate a particular type of response or action whereas in indirect communication the response cannot be predicted and is not known.

Broadly, communication is divided into two main types. They are:

  1. Direct communication and indirect communication and
  2. Verbal and Nonverbal communication

Direct communication can be verbal or non-verbal and likewise, indirect communication may be verbal or non-verbal. Verbal communication and non-verbal communication can also exist in the direct or indirect form.

So, the various types of communication are verbal and direct, verbal and indirect, non-verbal and direct, non-verbal and indirect. Verbal and direct communication would mean a transparent and easily understandable way of expressing your emotions.

This may be best explained by an example such as telling a person that you are happy when you really feel happy. Verbal and indirect type of communication implies a hidden and opaque revelation of your thoughts and emotions such as expressing your feelings through remarks, taunts, etc, which do not specifically denote a particular feeling or an emotion of yours.

Non-verbal communication makes use of actions and symbols to convey your emotions. This may be best explained by an example such as hitting a person to bring to his notice that you are angry or unhappy with him/her.

Verbal and indirect means of communication may be best explained by the following actions such as winking your eyes at a person to convey an idea or a feeling or staring at a person for a prolonged period of time to express your dissatisfaction or looking away from a person to show that you aren’t really interested in him/her.

Communication can be effectively executed with or without the use of actions, with or without the use of symbols and with or without the use of a language. Our body is an important aspect which makes communication possible.

Communication can also be made through sexual interaction with our partners and this form exists in both humans as well as in animals. The essence of communication would include the following stages.

They are:

  1. Absorption of information from an external source by listening or reading, etc,
  2. Interpretation of the information, and
  3. Reaction to the stimuli through behaviour, to express your emotions.