To communicate successfully you need to go through the following stages. They are:
- Absorption of information from an external source by listening or reading, etc,
- Interpretation or understanding the meaning of the information, and
- Reaction to the stimuli through behaviour, to express your emotions.
The first step is made possible with the help of the sense organs such as the eyes, ears, etc, to detect the information and the external data provided to us from a particular source. The absorption of information from an external source can be called as an objective process.
The second stage is passed by the use of the brain and the network of nerves to effectively analyse and understand the external data in the form of sounds, colours, pictures, etc, and interpret it as accurately and as precisely as possible in the shortest span of time. Interpretation of data is also called as a subjective process.
The third step is to effectively communicate the interpretation of the analysed data through physical actions, language, gestures, etc. The reaction to a particular situation may vary from person to person as it is composed of an objective and as well as a subjective process.
Certain situations have a positive outcome while some other situations may not necessarily have a positive result. Behaviourists explain communication as a pattern wherein you understand a particular situation or stimuli and react to it subjectively.
Freudian psychoanalysis explains that we respond to the external data or situations presented to us on the basis of our past experiences. Psychoanalysis considers the interpretation of the external stimuli as the most important aspect of communication whereas behaviourists completely define communication as a series of mechanical stimulus-response pattern and they do not believe in the interpretation aspect of communication.
Hence, according to behavioural psychologists, we react to situations and to data similar to a computer program. The importance of the mind and consciousness in communication has only been recently acknowledged in scientific psychology which is a strange piece of fact to believe.
Humans communicate effectively through various forms of communication. Some of the forms of communication through which humans communicate are through letters, messages, phone calls, personal face to face conversation, glances, paper publications and physical contact, through sex, scale through seminars, technical conferences, local and national newspapers, press releases, books, etc,
The use of technology like the internet has helped in the advancement of communication and has made communication easy, fast and reliable. Emails, forums, blogs and networking have improved communication to a great extent in today’s world.
Communication has grown to be an indispensable aspect of our modern lives. Though communication has grown to a great extent in today’s world, yet there is a difference between the ideas communicated and the ideas perceived.
This is called as the communication gap. It can be avoided if all input parameters such as all verbal, non-verbal, indirect and direct elements of communication are properly understood and perceived. In the personal as well as in the business front, communication does not necessarily rely on verbal ideas and suggestions but also on the body expressions and the way you present yourself before others to achieve a particular outcome or result.
The communication gap can prove to be very dangerous to communication. The use of technology such as the internet and telephone has made a reaction to the stimuli a different experience. However, interpretation of the stimuli is a very important aspect of communication and it helps us to understand better the external data such as sound, picture, etc, based on our past experiences.